The art of breathing
Yoga has a history, which dates back even to the era of Indus valley civilization, and many statues and other representations from that period testify to this fact. Moreover, it is has been clearly indicated in the Buddhist and Jainism traditions and practices that they followed yoga and meditation. Ancient sculptures and paintings transmit this findings and it is learned that yoga was an integral part of ancient curriculum.
As an inherent part of Yoga, Pranayama is practiced all over the world. Mind and breath being impermeably affiliated, it is obvious that a distress in the mind will habitually affect the breath and vice versa. Therefore, as a breathing exercise, it is very important to perform Pranayama mindfully. The proper practice of Pranayama calms down the mind thereby making the person serene and pleasant. If you can effectively control your breath, you would also be able to control your mind.
Moreover, Pranayama helps in improving your awareness of the nature and enhances the energy around you, connecting you better with those around you.
Other benefits of Pranayama includes better blood circulation, lower chances of contracting heart-related problems, relaxation for body and mind, better concentration, relief from stress, reducing the chances of depression, hypertension and anxiety etc,